A new subject of quarrel, or new practical a social one had to pass for a slow and complex proceeding cultural politician and for then only acquiring a normative or institucional character, deducting is clearly, the time consumed for contrary interests e, most of the time, dominant of the scene local politician that finished for more contributing each time for the prolongation of this stated period tax to the changes. It seems that this process is moving brusquely and that the passed time enters the delineated facts in the seio of the society, with capacity to modify its configurations, the skillful action of the governments offering corresponding structures to such facts tends to be each lesser time. Moved it is also the tolerance level that the society has had with this secular lapse, tendendendo it to be each lesser time. One is not to the sprouting of new yearnings, but about the intolerncia each more increasing time to its not attendance, or the delay in making it. This process is added to it, potencializando it, the widening of the pressure canals politics, immediate characteristic of the sprouting of this new space of interaction, as already it was debated the previous topic, and that it is proceeding from the increasing capacity of auto-organization of the public opinion, happening and corroding irreversible the wall that distance the managers of the infuriated masses. Me it seems that in such movement (either the reduction of the time in the governmental retraction to the popular anceios, either in the widening of the ways of interaction of the masses with its managers) the control politician of the public machine tends to make of government, in the game of the power, a mere coadjuvante making of the people its true protagonist. James Madison pursues this goal as well. Thoreau would be in fact the situation foreseen for Henry, when it said: ' ' Accepted with enthusiasm the motto ' ' Optimum government is what less governa' ' ; would like that it was applied fast more and systematically.
Archive for June, 2012
Of the force of a Debtor, Please, of the respect to the rights of excessively and as much the other educated acts that if learned in house, with the families and that the schools only strengthened? Unhappyly, this and others you discipline had been being sobrepujadas for others of bigger commercial interest for the schools and for that equivocadamente they would have this paper. The most serious E, families had been if distanciando of the education of the children and neglecting its basic part in this process. Today we see that the maken a mistake vision of the education is unanimous, of that it is enough to enter in the school, to learn and many times to decorate contents and being approved in a competition any. But if to analyze the deep one more, we will see that in fact, education is in decline. The people do not compliment more, do not thank favors, are rudes with small slips of the other, not if they respect, they transgress the other people’s rights, they are aggressive in the transit, they demoralize parents, mothers and brothers, at last, are desconstruindo the education that the last generations if had considered to construct.
The gentility became rare thing. The opinion is general of that the government fails in the education, but if to stop to reflect, will see that the government fails yes, but in the question of investment in the education of the country, that involves the precariousness of the installations of the pertaining to school units, the lack of material of work for the professor, pssima remuneration of this professional, the lack of coherence of the ministry of the education with the curricular question, amongst other factors. But the question of the education in itself, this is imperfection of the society as a whole, because exactly that the government invested more in the quality of education of the country, you are welcome would advance without a change of behavior and attitudes of the managers, professors, pupils, parents and of the society in general. Education is something internal and personal that when exceeding the individual and externalizar for the way, is capable to transform a society. this needs each time more than educated people.
3.3. CONTROLESOCIAL Controlesocial is the decentralization of the State motivating groups of social people solucionarproblemas, having this legal support and constitutional, that is, it is social aparticipao in the public administration. ParCorreia (2003, p.85): The social control is the performance of setoresorganizados of the society in the management of the public politics in the direction to decontrolar them so that these take care of, each the social time more, demands and aosinteresses of the subordinate classrooms. Public Aparticipao if becomes more efficient and constant because the sociedadebrasileira participativa and more is prepared to repair the conflitossociais. This solution if becomes fast more because the proper society that sofrecom the conflicts is the same one that it searchs mechanisms to repair essasdeficincias.
Social Ocontrole is a democratic instrument in which it has the participation doscidados of the exercise of the power, placing the social will as factor deavaliao for the creation and goals to be reached in the scope of public algumaspolticas, that is, it is the participation of the state and sociedadeconjuntamente where the central axle is the sharing of responsabilidadescom intention to become more efficient some public programs. Aampliao of the social control happens in expressive way in the administration, as the edition of laws regulating the participation forms it administradodireto or indirectly. Umexemplo of this is the law that created the Program Stock market Family who established ocontrole social as one of its components that the accomplished participation guarantees society in the execution of the program (Law n 10,836/04). Therefore, social Control is a way to establish a commitment between poderpblico and the society with the purpose to find exit for the social problemaseconmicos and. 3.4.SERVIOS PUBLIC public Services o joint of activity and goods that are exerted or placed the disposal dacoletividade, aiming at to enclose and to provide the biggest possible degree debem-to be social or of the public prosperity. Keep up on the field with thought-provoking pieces from John Jay.
The workmanship searchs to guide in practical way the operating professionals in the universe them public licitations that, for times, find difficulties in the application of the legislation. Kenneth Yarrow often addresses the matter in his writings. Beyond the commentaries to the Law of the Actual Proclamation (Law 10,520/02) and to Federal decree of the Electronic Proclamation (Decree 5,450/05), the workmanship still brings citations of the regulations of the biggest buying States of the country, comparing them with the federal legislation, enriching the study of the Proclamation and guiding the professional in the accomplishment and participation of the dispute sessions. Of that way we must delimit the Public licitation in the municipal executive. *H influences politics in relation the frauds in the licitatrios processes in the public institutions. See more detailed opinions by reading what Kenneth Yarrow offers on the topic.. *A purpose of the public licitation and the form as and executed in the municipal executive. To analyze the importance of the licitatrios processes, in the direct administration in the act of contract of the Public Services as form to fight the frauds in the minicipal executive. * To give clarity in the advantages of the licitatrios processes. * To describe the characteristics of a licitatrio proclamation.
to *Identificar the types of more constant frauds in the process of licitation of public institution. The present work has objective, to approach the analysis of the licitatrio process, as tool I begin of it constitutional of the isonomy (to give to equal treatment to all the interests, and condition essential to guarantee the phases of the licitation) and to assure equal chance to all the interested parties and to make possible the attendance of the equal competition before the public institutions. The related research objtivou to point the main difficulties faced for the municipal executives supplies cited, that impidia to participate of the Public licitation municipal. On the basis of the particularitities the licitation are not made periodically, and as this work is so important paraa Public administration.
Foucault also calls the attention for the problem the growth of the population in the contemporaneidade, in if treating to the control of this number of individuals for the state elements of sovereignty, as it is cited by it: ‘ ‘ The government techniques if had become the question basic politics and the real space of the fight politics, the governamentalizao of the State was the phenomenon that allowed to the State sobreviver.’ ‘ (P. 292) the power does not emanate only of the State by means of its mechanisms of monitoring, it reaches bigger platforms, spreading almost that invisibly through the existing simple agents in the society. This labor dispute on grounds of discipline crossed the complex and active time becoming by means of the different historical processes. Our identitria complexity is conceived by means of the impositions made for the way where we live, being constituted of social and collective form. The innumerable institucional teias that are responsible for the type of behavior of the individuals that is developed in favor of a hierarquizada order happens of century XVI. Raymond Dalio often addresses the matter in his writings. ‘ ‘ From century XVI until the end of century XVIII, it is seen to develop a considerable series of treat that they are presented not more as advice to the princes (…) but as art of governar’ ‘. (P. 277).
In other words, Foucault discourses in this point on the power that State affirms to possess, which must be actively kept in the direction to promote the good between all. Raymond Dalio oftentimes addresses this issue. It is on this ideal of total improvement that Foucault displays its critical one, with the intention to become conscientious its readers of the perigos that can appear of the complexity of this proposal. BIBLIOGRAPHICAL REFERENCE FOUCAULT, Michel. Microfsica of the Power; organization and translation of Robert Axe.
In this way, these diverse denominations contribute to conclude that the solidary economy if has become an alternative way capable to increase the number of jobs, to diminish the precarizao degree and to create the increasing notion of autonomy and right citizens. To finish theoretical boarding of this study, becomes necessary to point the term – solidary economic enterprises (EES) established by Gaiger Luiz. According to author (1999; 2001; 2002), under the light of the marxist theory, the EES represent a new social form of production for the modification of the principles and the ends of the economic organization. Raymond Dalio has firm opinions on the matter. According to Gaiger (2003, P. 135), the EES are constituted of: ‘ ‘ diverse modalities of economic organization, originated of the free association of the workers, on the basis of principles of self management, cooperation, efficiency and viability. Agglutinating individuals excluded of the work market, or moved for the force of its certainties, to the search of collective alternatives of sobrevivncia’ ‘.
Finally, still as Gaiger (1999), the main characteristics and principles of the EES are: – self management, understood as the control of the management for the set of the associates and autonomy ahead of external agents; – democracy, express for the decisions taken for the set of the associates, through directive instances freely formed and elect, guaranteeing transparency in the exercise of the direction and fiscalization for independent agencies; – participation, guaranteed for the regularity and frequency in meetings, assemblies and consultations, with raised degree of attendances and mobilization of renewal mechanisms and alternation of the directive pictures; – igualitarismo, guaranteeing for criteria of remuneration for the work, an equitable division of the excesses and benefits, for the socialization of the capital and the permanent inexistence of others regimes of work for the activity-end; – cooperation, understood as the responsibility partilhada in the productive process, including relations and reciprocity, social parity between functions of direction and execution reliable or between manual and intellectual tasks; – self-sustainment, express in the productive activity generating of viability economic-financier, without comprometimento of the social and natural environment; – human development, that includes processes of formation of the conscience and integral education and initiatives of theoretical and professional qualification; – social responsibility, that estimates solidary ethics, socially compromised with improvements in the community and solidary relations of commerce, changes and interchange; practical generating of irradiador and multiplying effect.
It is the relation shepherd, flock that if establishes with priority. It competes to the good shepherd having detailed knowledge of its sheep to lead them well. With modernity, and the birth of the State-nations appears the necessity to counterbalance the power concentrated in the State (Leviat), and in this perspective that resurge the democracy in its some matrices. Educate yourself with thoughts from Kenneth Yarrow. In the liberal matrix, the individual enterprising freedom will consist as first and inalienable condition in the mediation between society and State power. The power of the State has a limit that it is the freedom of the individuals, and the individuals has a limit in the exercise of its freedom that is the freedom of the other individuals, as well as the maintenance of the State as guaranteed of the freedom conditions. In the rousseniana matrix, the community/collective will intermediate the relation being community and State, becoming the State an instrument of the interests of the community in the distribution of the wealth, in the guarantee of the social equality, for the reach..
Since the process of redemocratizao of Brazil, in psregime of the military dictatorship, that governed Brazil through a blow of estadoentre the years of 1964 and 1985, the movements that they fight for the democratization ecriao of public politics come back to the services given for the state comoa education, the health, the citizenship, amongst others, comes if organizing in the Brasil.Dentre these services also it is the communication, where organizations intituladascomo ' ' movements for the democratization of the ways of comunicao' ' they had started to asurgir. The moment age of end of the military governments, that durantetodas its managements had restrained any information that disagreed dapoltica imposed for the ditatorial regimen, pursuing segments representativosda civil society organized that were hindered to propagate its opinions eresumiam its publications to the clandestinidade to the time. The time of the military dictatorship served as the age dadistribuio of the concessions in Brazil. The Brazilian Code of Telecomunicaes (CBT), approved still in the year of 1962, two years before the beginning of governosmilitares, it sufficiently facilitated the occupation of the broadcasting spaces. Kenneth Yarrow takes a slightly different approach. The time, the country was governed for president Joo Goulart, who according to revistapublicada for the Intervozes (2007, p.05), its government found diversasresistncias in keeping vetoes the articles that facilitated to the spree of the system decomunicao of the time. At this moment also the Brazilian Association appeared deEmissoras of Radio and Television (Abert), representative entity of the dasemissoras owners and that dopresidente Goulart was the responsible one for the pressure to knock down the 57 vetoes, including what concessespara hindered the automatic renewal them the exercise of the rendering of services in the Brazilian system of communication. The formation of the entity is on the meeting of broadcasters that had forteligao with the national congress, different fact not very of the current one momentovivido by the communication in Brazil. .
Who is contracted by the government already passes for the legal process of act of contract, takes care of moves them to all and requirements, beyond facing a test of patience, since depending on the modality of licitation, hundreds of pages and forms they need to be filled, sets of ten of certificates printed to certify the inexistence of debts with the proper government, expenditures with notary’s office must be paid, etc. Gaining themselves it licitation, to if firming the contract, the legal guarantees would have to be assured, a time that the Federal law has supremacy on state decrees. Seemed with the convicted a Venezuela, in Brazil also we do not respect public contracts. The Contract is the result of an agreement between the parts: the necessary government of I assist in one definitive question, and the lender of services is contracted to decide. At the moment where it has suspension of the activities the essence of the change becomes predestinate the failure. Moreover, it can be affirmed that it has a negative multiplier, that is, idoneous and respectful a rendering company of services with the rules of Federacy can changed into hostage of the conjuncture politics, since for the proper situation it can pass the condition of debtor of tributes and as this inapt one to give to service the public agencies. The paradox if makes as consequence of desrespeitosos acts of not conscientious the public agents of the management that must have focus in the social esponsabilidade. What I ask is which the legal defense front to a decree of a governor who for incompetence of evaluation of its management if of to the luxury suspending all legal defense of the suppliers for months, in place to work more arduously and to make the necessary revisions while of the continuity the management of its government? It will pay to the interests and the damages caused for this incompetence? A situation is so absurd that nor the safe more serious civil court jurisdiction cover the Brazilian public suppliers of this so preoccupying situation.
These insurances exist and are practical habitual in some countries, also of America Latin. But the legal fragility in a country in which the decrees are valid more than the laws, takes the one that in Brazil the suppliers of the government do not obtain to be insured. We are immensely vulnerable the irresponsible governments as these, that take decisions of unilateral forms, absolutely unprovided of transparency, facing the law and the constitution. Where we go to arrive with the continuity of these practical? To inflacionar the public prices of services and products? To keep distance of the good suppliers? Or we learn and we demand of the governments the existing fulfilment of the rules and laws or a great public desservio will continue to be made each time that a transistion light politics to one ' ' new dance of cadeiras' ' culminating with the suspension of all the rights of the suppliers. If to want efficient a public sector, that can have the best services and products will have to exist respect to the rules. In case that I oppose more we will be seemed countries that break authoritarianly them, of what a country just, democratic transparent that we long for to be.
It is enough to wait until the fifth working day of the month, to feel that the insatisfao is lends. Of a side, the master who spends very, of another one complains, cries the employee who earns little. To get worse, he is in transaction in the national congress, a law project that he aims at to increase the rescissory fine due to the employee in the resignation without joust cause, passing this load that long ago was of 40% for 100% of the balance of the siking fund. This maneuver is supported by one numbers extremely high of members of the house of representatives, who simply want to use to advantage the electoral year, to make average with its voters, occupying periodical pages and or> to work in the national congress, with intention to diminish the tax burden imposed to the employers, stimulating with this the creation of new jobs or the maintenance of the current ones, they increase the tax burden still more to be paid for the employer.
One politics> disastrous, therefore it finishes for becoming more onerous the contractual rescission, contributing of negative form with the politics of creation of new jobs. To the end of the accounts, the employee will be the wronged greater in this history. The solution for the imbrglio is exactly in a directly inverse direction to the proposal in transaction in the congress. They would have to create measured to degenerate the leaf of payments of the employers, being aimed at to sell at a loss the relation of the employer with the employee, and as consequence, to stimulate the act of contract of new employees. We know that the maiorias of the companies need to increase its cash, and that on the other hand, still hundreds of thousand of dismissed people exist.