On July 14, were held last hundred ten years the storming of the Bastille, an event par excellence with which it identifies the French Revolution and the great changes she introduced, such as the definitive implementation of the system of capitalist production and abolition of absolute monarchy. On the other hand, in one of those coincidences of life, on June 20 before, in his own house of Dreux (Normandy) and ninety years of age had died the only pretender to the French throne, Prince Henri d’Orleans, Count of Paris. With him also disappeared, at least temporarily, any desire to revive the monarchy in that country, as his eldest son, the Count of Clermont, who married Marie-Therese of Wurttemberg, after having served his military service in the French army was joined the wonderful world of business and do not want to know anything about politics. The Count of Paris, was born in the Aisne Gallo, 5 July 1908. His father, the Duke of Guise, married Isabelle d’Orleans-Bragance or Isabelle de France, had become head of the House of France and pretender to the crown after the death of his cousin, also Duke of Orleans, in 1926, who left no male heir . Henri d’Orleans had to leave the country since then, in fulfillment of the famous Exile Law of 1886 which provided the death penalty for “heads of families that had reigned in France and all its direct descendants.” He only returned to his homeland in 1950 when the National Assembly decided to repeal this rule.
Monthly Archive: September 2010
In December 1970 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration was created by an act of congress under the administration of President Richard M. Nixon. The mandate of OSHA was, and is, to prevent work-related injuries, sickness, or fatalities by creating and enforcing standards for workplace health and safety. This agency is run within the Department of Labor and headed by one of the Deputy Assistants to the Secretary of Labor.
Simultaneous with the creating of OSHA, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) was also created. The mission of NIOSH is to be the research arm of OSHA which focuses on occupational safety and health, but is not a part of the Department of Labor.
The regulations enacted by OSHA cover the majority of private sector workplaces.
Under the administration of Jimmy Carter a toxicologist from the University of Cincinnati, Eula Bingham, led OSHA to concentrate more on work place health hazards such as toxic chemicals. Before this OSHA’s main focus was on equipment safety, including training, communication and documentation.
Under Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush there were efforts to weaken the ability of OSHA to enforce and enact rules regulating workplace safety.
President Clinton began to refocus the approach of OSHA, emphasizing more on “stakeholder” satisfaction through compliance assistance. Under the Clinton administration OSHA inspections significantly went down in number.
In 1994 the republican party took over control of the congress and began to make efforts to improve the scientific validity of the standards which OSHA had been issuing rules. Several of the bills sponsored by Republican congressman were stopped by the Democratic minority and more moderate republicans. Other legislation did pass, however, including the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 and the Congressional Review Act.