Apart from trade and crafts in the city is actively developing culture and literature. Not affected by the Mongol-Tatar invasion, was the center of ancient Novgorod chronicles, , distribution Literacy and played a major role in the development of Russian literature and the arts., in the middle of xiii – middle of the xv century Novgorod became the center of the struggle with Sweden and the Livonian Order. July 15, 1240, Prince Alexander of Novgorod, together with warriors utterly breaks in the mouth of the Neva come to take Novgorod and Ladoga Swedish commander Ulf Fassi. The famous battle was later called the Neva, as the prince himself, which chronicles the people and gave the honorary name of Alexander Nevsky., XV-th Century goes to Novgorod under the sign of the struggle for independence. Vast lands were part of the Novgorod republic, its independence and of freedom people living here, are of great envy and indignation of the princes of Moscow. For a long time Novgorod successfully fighting the armies of Michael of Tver and Dmitry Donskoy, but in 1471 the life of the great ancient republic still cut off. On the river Shelon, in the villages and Skirino Velebitsy, a battle between Moscow's forces headed by Daniel and Novgorod militia under the command of the son of Martha Posadnitsy – Dmitry Boretsky in which the citizens of Novgorod defeated. Novgorod finally lost its independence and in 1478 together with all lands included in a centralized Russian state. In the same year, in commemoration of the eradication of 'Novgorod freemen' imperial decree lifted and sent to Moscow assembly bell, the future is shrouded in mystery and legends.