President Mohamed Siad Barre

At the present time, as such, there is virtually no state of Somalia. No single government, no single currency, no central authority. Somalia – a warning to the world the consequences of unmanaged 'parade sovereignties. " Here are some of the independent entities is modern Somalia: Dzhubalend (far south), Puntland (northeast), Comaliyskaya republic (south), Somaliland (northwest), Somalia, Central States (center) Front resistance Rahanen (southwest) Galmudug (center) Union of Islamic Courts Alliance warlords of Somalia gained independence in 1960, when the former British and Italian Somaliland Somalia united in one state. In 1969 a military coup took power Mohamed Siad Barre, who announced a policy of building socialism with Islamic characteristics.

In 1970-77 years Somalia has received substantial Soviet military and economic aid, the Soviet navy has at its disposal a base in Berbera. In 1977, Somalia fell unexpectedly on the second Soviet ally in the region, the Horn of Africa – Ethiopia. They decided to take advantage of difficulties neighbor, a policy of creating the Great Somalia, and having the purpose to deprive the Ogaden region, Ethiopia captured in the early twentieth century and inhabited by the Somali tribes. USSR in the choice between the two allies, chose Ethiopia. In result of the war the Ethiopian army, under the supervision of Soviet advisers, using Soviet arms supplies, and the Cuban volunteers, defeated the aggressor. The period after the war was marked by Ogadenskoy general crisis in economic and political spheres. In the 80s in the north of the country began a war rebel, and as a result of the continuing crisis in 1991, President Mohamed Siad Barre was overthrown and the country descended into chaos.

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