It is strictly adhered collegiality, was established by the editorial board, published only original literary product, was introduced and the distribution of income from the publication of the anthology as a fee. In an almanac published in including young Pushkin and other Romantic poets. Almanac became known in Europe – Translations and reprints from "North Star" were published in several countries. Click James Donovan Goldman to learn more. After the uprising of the Decembrists and the reign of Nicholas I, Russian media have been under severe conditions of censorship. Seriously strengthened and conservative publications, led by fw Bulgarin, ni Grech and oi Senkovsky – newspaper Northern Bee, "magazines" Library for Reading (1834-1865) and "Son of the Fatherland" (since 1825). "Moscow Telegraph na Field (1825-1834) was one of the most popular editions after Karamzin "Review Europe "and wore encyclopedic in nature. The reader is already interested in literature and news, and news of the economy and politics, and much more, and suggested that the public editor. In political terms, the Field criticized the nobility and sought to equate it with the merchant class.
The result has been hostile to the government's attitude to the Moscow Telegraph, and he was closed. In 1831 Moscow University Professor ni began publishing encyclopedic in structure to the magazine "Telescope", which put forward the idea of realistic art, and attached great importance to the literary department of the magazine. A literary-critical department "Telescope" has blossomed with the advent vg Belinsky, who drew attention to the works of young, nv Gogol and criticized mediocrity and imitation in literature. Leaving abroad requested editing a magazine young Belinsky, who took creation of a new theory of journalism in Russia, declaring criticism of the leading department of public journal, because "without criticism magazine is an image without a face. "The telescope was closed in 1836 for publishing" Philosophical Letters "PY Chaadaeva, which sharply criticized the autocratic Russia. Chaadaeva declared insane, while was exiled and deprived of the right to engage in journalism.
In the 30 years of 19 th century a considerable contribution to Russian journalism has made as Pushkin, actively participated in various and as a poet and a publicist. Pushkin has collaborated with "Literary Gazette, aa Delvig and edited several issues of this newspaper, the "Telescope" and in 1836 secured the right to publish its Journal of "Contemporary", which should be a purely literary publishing. Pushkin was printed in The Contemporary polemical notes, and original works of Russian authors, the materials of the Patriotic War of 1812, and highlights assesses recent developments such as the accession of the Caucasus to Russia. On Pushkin's 'Contemporary' high expectations – both readers and critics alike, Pushkin was planning to expand its content, but in 1837 followed by the tragic death of a poet, and his ideas did not materialize.