Through its method of comment, he established the existence of an interaction enters the most diverse constituent elements of the Land, being that he occurs a relation of cause and consequence between them, the beginning of the causalidade, as he comments Of Martonne (1953, P. 13): … nobody showed in way more necessary as the man depends on the ground, the climate, of the vegetation, as the vegetation is function of the physical phenomena, as these same depend ones on the others. LOCALIZATION. GENERAL CHARACTERIZATION OF the AREA Photo: Gonalves, Thamyres Sabrina. A LITTLE OF the HUSTRIA OF MINICPIO CHAPADA GAUCHO the city of Chapada Gaucho, old Village of the Gauchos, had its beginning of povoamento in the year of 1976, when the first deriving inhabitants of the Rio Grande Do Sul had arrived, for project PADSA, (Project of Directed Nesting the Mountain range of You plough), that it integrated the cities of Formoso, Arinos, Januria and San Francisco.
In the year of 1994, it had a plebiscite in the town of Village of the Gauchos to choose the name of the new District, the voted names more had been: New Horizon, Chapada Gaucho and Mountain range Gaucho, as already Horizon had another District with the New denomination, automatically took advantage as the voted name more, (Chapada Gaucho). In this exactly year, the City council of San Francisco approved the Law n 1523 of 19 of December of 1994 creating the new District of Chapada Gaucho, having its desmembrado territory of the remaining District of Mountain range of Araras. In 28 of January of 1995, the District of Chapada was installed Gaucho, in the old Village of the Gauchos; in this exactly year, started the process of emancipation of the city. An unknown fact in the State of Minas Gerais occurred, therefore, the Chapada Gaucho was the only town that the same turned District and City in year, created for Law 12,030 of 21 of December of 1995, where it had the junction of the Districts of Chapada Gaucho and Mountain range of Araras, thus creating the new city of the Great Hinterland Trails, (CHAPADA GAUCHO), having the Mountain range of Araras as District.