In its workmanship of 1843, intitled: The Jewish question, Marx envereda for an incisive examination of the longed for intention and the routes considered for Bruno Bauer. The critical marxiana not only brings the light the plea of the conceptions of the idealistic philosopher, it makes therefore it in typical way, that is, concomitantly with the construction of its thought concerning the Real, that in the workmanship in question points, above all, in the direction of the problematic one of the State, the distinction between emancipation politics and human being, as well as, naked the existence of a split between individual and human sort, civil society and State, whose bipartition if becomes more perceivable, or more good, it has its and direct forceful antagonism in the politically emancipated State. To become the dispute of two thinkers more tangible e, essentially, the marxiana cognition of the concrete, reached in this writing; we have that to come back the fundamental eyes toward the origin and points of the same one. The formularization of Bauer is emanating of the German reality of first half of century XIX, period in which its country passes for a situation of delay in relation to the capitalist development of tip; in prominence here of the recital of the German State that was associated with the religion, that is, the worshippers of the religion adopted for the State only had its supported rights. Bauer when analyzing the Jewish question in Germany considers the suppression of the religion, not only of the judaism, but of all religion, believing that in such a way it would have an approach of the individuals and an equality promoted for the State, that would be the manager of the symmetrical participation politics, that is, through the abandonment of the religion the emancipation would be gotten, being thus: The form most rigid of the antithesis between the Jew and the Christian is the religious antithesis. .