Ancient Greek philosopher Parmenides (C. 515 – C 440 A. C) approx. Second half of the sixth century – the beginning of V century. A. Ohio Senator might disagree with that approach. N. E. of Elea (Southern Italy) leading figure of the Eleatic school.
Parmenides was represented at the world, the appearance of an area still and completely filled. Bluntly contrasted the “theory of truth” (that being the true, is one, eternal, immovable, indivisible, and does not contain Vasio) to the doctrine of the opinion (of which there are a multitude of things come and go, move, are divisible into parts, and are separated by a vacuum). The doctrine of truth is accurate, “the doctrine of opinion is only probable. Parmenides consciously oriented doctrine of truth against the dialectics of Heraclitus and his disciples. The doctrine of view, Parmenides expounded his hypothesis astronomical, physical, physiological. materialist naive physics Parmenides is based on the assumption that there are two principles, the assets of fire and light, dark and lifeless. The distrust on the testimony of the senses, the high valuation of speculative knowledge.
Introduced the doctrine of Parmenides an element of idealism and even rationalism. While the denial of the motion Parmenides makes the founder of the ancient Greek metaphysics. Young, when Parmenides represents the world as a sphere filled with still and does so for two reasons. First: for the former belief that the earth remained stationary, due to this phenomenon the planets and the sun revolved around it. Second: that the universe was finite to the Greeks.