Author Archive: Richard

Testing the Euro

It is estimated that the EUR / USD will test the resistance zone at 1.3600 during the day. EUR – The Euro continues its correction upward The euro rose over the past three trading sessions against the dollar. Yesterday was no exception, especially the optimism generated by the publication of the Purchasing Manager’s Index. This indicator along with the profits of the various stock markets benefited from the euro currency managed to advance against most currencies. The euro closed at $ 1.3376, compared with $ 1.3315 earlier. The EUR / JPY rose and reached 132.10, 131.35 compared to previous. On the other hand, the EUR / GBP 0.8945 reaching gained ground, with respect to previous 0.8890.

The euro has benefited recently, especially by the doubts that now generate haven currencies. Many investors began to invest in riskier assets, and the Euro Zone is estimated as an area benefit. That is why the euro and the pound are taken full advantage. It is estimated that during these days will be seen high volatility, as it looks forward to the ECB’s decision regarding interest rates. It is estimated that the ECB will be decided by a reduction of 25 basis points in interest rates, however, may also announce unconventional measures. If so, the ECB will take measures similar to those taken a few months ago by the Fed, especially with the purchase of government bonds. If the ECB does not implement a program might reasonably be that the euro is against the U.S.

The Castro Believes in Socialist Democracy

For Castro this is a socialist democracy. This, though most of the multi-party democracy and a part of orthodox socialists questions his credentials. For the first Cuba has an autocracy as the population has no right to vote for different parties provide different programs or plans of government and the regime persecuted opponents. For the second revolution comes back to the market and creating a new oligarchy that inequality is increasing, so they proposed streamline and internationalize the process. In Cuba, the president has been agreed at meetings of party leaders and this has been endorsed by a National Assembly. This mechanism differs from the other American republics where the president is elected through massive election under universal suffrage and secret ballot.

It also is not the same as that proposed Lenin in The State and Revolution which stated that the State should leave dissolving and that leaders should be elected and revocable at grassroots assemblies. The Castro, however, defend their model, arguing that in the rest of the hemisphere’s heads of state are hereditary monarchs or presidents that comply to the dictatorship of money, that its leader has always had (during his 49 years in power) a large popular support (which does not have many leaders Democrats), that the major site of violating human rights in their island is in Guantanamo where they accuse the U.S. of torturing their prisoners, and that requires some monolithic to prevent U.S. and worms again become of their island brothel of America. For many social democrats and liberals Cuba has been doing a lot of red monarchy in which the head of state is inherited from the Castro brothers and castrated human rights and freedoms.

Instituting Society

Does the proposed parallel government only have that instance? “Not sure. I propose the creation of a Comptroller to monitor the actions of the Comptroller General of the Republic. The establishment of an Office for monitoring the actions of the Attorney General’s Office. The establishment of an Ombudsman to monitor the actions of the Ombudsman. The formation of a commission to monitor the behavior of the current judiciary. And in relation to the National Assembly? – I propose the convening of a National Assembly Institute devoted to the study and monitoring of all laws passed by the current National Assembly. Would consist of representatives from throughout the country (National Academies, universities, unions, professional associations, business associations, confederations and federations of workers, students, teachers, representatives of the province and civil society).

Why talk of instituting? What is the difference with Constituent? – Both concepts are different. Implies a Constituent Assembly election, with all that this rigging. It involves instituting a representative democracy overcome to make it a daily exercise of democracy as interference. In other words, disrupting what has been until now the relationship between society and institutions. Instituting society must change reality. A society is far more than instituting a recipient of the original power.

A A A instituting society is one whose true purpose is itself as the State, democracy and simple means all institutions. However, within this society established the institutions that reproduces the only possibility is to consider which implies transcending decision making. So much of what one must be established that society itself must be reversed in instituting proceedings. The rule of law is thus a simple transit and social state of law-even in its most advanced, a simple way in pursuit of what legal and political science began to call advanced or post-social democratic state. This is a time when politics was no longer space of redemption into a frustrating impossibility. Proposed that Assembly would be almost riotous Maybe without the almost, but this does not daunt me. With Habermas I approach this concept and not afraid. Do you think that your proposal will have some support? When I speak I do to counteract the negative trends to inaction. And also to ease my conscience. In any case I think if it is not the formation of this unit of study and monitoring of both the executive and parliament who oppose or ignore it is quite likely they have to form a government in exile.

Peruvian Politics

People are tired, weary, that at each general election, present the usual: “a communist Taliban, who dies to be another Hugo Chavez in Peru, a somewhat old-fashioned women leaders and rise in kilos, and others part of “the Monster family of Peruvian politics. Honorable exceptions, such as the current president of Peru and the unjustly imprisoned former president, politics in the country, has been “a constant cheating guys.” If there is the writer, the whole town support him will be his way of protesting against the professional politicians, the give and take, the corruption. Jaime Bayly has the moral: (is an excellent parent, not a hypocrite), intellectuals (it’s an excellent political analyst, journalist, novelist awarded) legal (Peruvian, adult, successful professional.) But what is more important, has the sympathy of the people of Peru than in an audience of millions, they follow every Sunday, to pass with a while entertaining, enjoyable. Sympathy is what professional politicians do not have many, despite his long years in the political arena, the Congress, political parties, which almost nobody believes in Peru. If you ask people on the street that seems Jaime Bayly will tell ….. it is great that your program is cool, who speaks the truth …… even the girls say about that ” is “without any concern for their sexual choice, as are attracted by the journalist-novelist, I would like to sleep with Jaime Bayly ……” wakes up in the Peruvian population feelings of affection, appreciation and find it more nice to see him on, to listen to Congress and see the political 18 months ago speaking only of Peru oil, when there are more serious issues such as construction of dams, electrification of the Andean peoples, the remodeling of schools emblematic of Peru, securing universal, comprehensive health insurance that reached Peruvians employed and unemployed, many newly built hospitals to give health to the population of the entire country, etc.. If there is will have support, no doubt. Smile and be happy.

Beyond Capitalism And Communism

BEYOND CAPITALISM AND COMMUNISM This time we will be addressing gradually capitalist and communist theories. In order to know how successful they are in social reality. N addition to noting that both have contributed to society in education, politics and economics. Only then will we know in theory that we can put more emphasis on social practice. Or if on the contrary we must dismiss both systems and devising new ones.

Or trying to devise new ones will not only turn in circles, but attempts to bring down these two systems which I think are useless. Issue that is appropriate to seek a look, let’s begin. Before initiating such inquiry, it is important to define the concept of capitalism and communism. Capitalism: Economic system in which private individuals and business firms carry out production and exchange of goods and services through complex transactions involving the prices and markets. Although it has its origins in antiquity, the development of capitalism is a European phenomenon, has evolved in different stages to be considered established in the second half of the nineteenth century. From Europe, specifically from England, the capitalist system was extended to the whole world, being the almost exclusive socio-economic system at the global level until the outbreak of World War I, after which established a new socioeconomic system, the communism, which became the opposite of capitalism. Communism: A term from the early nineteenth century, refers to those theories and political actions to defend an economic and political system based on the socialization of production systems and state control (partial or complete) of economic sectors, which frontally opposed to the principles of capitalism.

Venezuelan Politics and History

In 1952, shortly after his return to Venezuela, began what would be a milestone in the work about the history of Venezuelan television: its “Human Values.” Shortly after the overthrow of dictator Marcos Perez Jimenez in 1958, Uslar Pietri returned to politics and was elected in 1959 as Independent Senator, in 1963, completed the term of President Romulo Betancourt, he founded a political party with which it participates as a candidate the presidency in the elections eventually won Raul Leoni, with his party participates in the coalition of parties necessary for the support of government, but there are differences and once removed from the coalition remained in Congress, being in the 1968 election his last participation in the political party in Venezuela. That same year, and until 1974 he began his work as editor of the newspaper El Nacional. In 1975 he began his term as Ambassador, Permanent Delegate to UNESCO, which lasted until 1979. In the novels already mentioned you need to add “A Portrait in Geography “1962 and” Season of Masks “1964 and between 1981 and 1990, after his experience in the UNESCO listed” Robinson Island “and” The Visit in Time “, a work that won him the Prince literature Asturias in 1990. You can not put aside his work as an essayist: post-“Men of Letters and Venezuela” published “From one to another Venezuela,” which reflects the ills afflicting our country. Then came “The Clouds” (1952), “Notes for Portraits” (1952) and “Tierra Venezolana” (1953). In 1955 he published “A Brief History of the Latin American novel” and “Blackboard”, a book which includes a series of newspaper articles from his column same name in El Nacional. .

Drucker and Management for the Future

Peter Drucker begins his book MANAGEMENT FOR THE FUTURE, with the phrase “The future is here.” The particular is that this book was written in the early nineties, when, for example, Internet (the most revolutionary invention without doubt the century) was in its prehistory. The amazing thing is that to write only based on the observation of its present and a past full of “clues” about what was coming, which were just emerging transformations in technology and business. “In five important areas, said the work cited, 90 will bring changes in profound consequences for social and economic environment for the strategies, structures and business administration.” These five areas were the trend towards reciprocity as a central principle of international economic integration, the integration of the businesses in the economy by way of Alliances, radical restructuring of business, bringing the work to the place where the people and contracting out activities that provide opportunities for promotion to managerial and professional positions relatively high, the challenge of the administration or government companies and the primacy of politics. But although these five areas effectively brought great impact on businesses, which made Drucker in his book was not to predict but to lay down conclusions about what those mean big changes for the management and labor. Drucker to imagine his work did what every manager should do in this: anticipating a future at least the medium term (the rate of change and technological development would not hit exactly on the vision of a very long-term future ), to successfully face a world most competitive and amazingly productive.

The Death Of The Count Of Paris

On July 14, were held last hundred ten years the storming of the Bastille, an event par excellence with which it identifies the French Revolution and the great changes she introduced, such as the definitive implementation of the system of capitalist production and abolition of absolute monarchy. On the other hand, in one of those coincidences of life, on June 20 before, in his own house of Dreux (Normandy) and ninety years of age had died the only pretender to the French throne, Prince Henri d’Orleans, Count of Paris. With him also disappeared, at least temporarily, any desire to revive the monarchy in that country, as his eldest son, the Count of Clermont, who married Marie-Therese of Wurttemberg, after having served his military service in the French army was joined the wonderful world of business and do not want to know anything about politics. The Count of Paris, was born in the Aisne Gallo, 5 July 1908. His father, the Duke of Guise, married Isabelle d’Orleans-Bragance or Isabelle de France, had become head of the House of France and pretender to the crown after the death of his cousin, also Duke of Orleans, in 1926, who left no male heir . Henri d’Orleans had to leave the country since then, in fulfillment of the famous Exile Law of 1886 which provided the death penalty for “heads of families that had reigned in France and all its direct descendants.” He only returned to his homeland in 1950 when the National Assembly decided to repeal this rule.


In December 1970 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration was created by an act of congress under the administration of President Richard M. Nixon. The mandate of OSHA was, and is, to prevent work-related injuries, sickness, or fatalities by creating and enforcing standards for workplace health and safety. This agency is run within the Department of Labor and headed by one of the Deputy Assistants to the Secretary of Labor.

Simultaneous with the creating of OSHA, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) was also created. The mission of NIOSH is to be the research arm of OSHA which focuses on occupational safety and health, but is not a part of the Department of Labor.

The regulations enacted by OSHA cover the majority of private sector workplaces.

Under the administration of Jimmy Carter a toxicologist from the University of Cincinnati, Eula Bingham, led OSHA to concentrate more on work place health hazards such as toxic chemicals. Before this OSHA’s main focus was on equipment safety, including training, communication and documentation.

Under Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush there were efforts to weaken the ability of OSHA to enforce and enact rules regulating workplace safety.

President Clinton began to refocus the approach of OSHA, emphasizing more on “stakeholder” satisfaction through compliance assistance. Under the Clinton administration OSHA inspections significantly went down in number.

In 1994 the republican party took over control of the congress and began to make efforts to improve the scientific validity of the standards which OSHA had been issuing rules. Several of the bills sponsored by Republican congressman were stopped by the Democratic minority and more moderate republicans. Other legislation did pass, however, including the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 and the Congressional Review Act.

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