Peter Drucker begins his book MANAGEMENT FOR THE FUTURE, with the phrase “The future is here.” The particular is that this book was written in the early nineties, when, for example, Internet (the most revolutionary invention without doubt the century) was in its prehistory. The amazing thing is that to write only based on the observation of its present and a past full of “clues” about what was coming, which were just emerging transformations in technology and business. “In five important areas, said the work cited, 90 will bring changes in profound consequences for social and economic environment for the strategies, structures and business administration.” These five areas were the trend towards reciprocity as a central principle of international economic integration, the integration of the businesses in the economy by way of Alliances, radical restructuring of business, bringing the work to the place where the people and contracting out activities that provide opportunities for promotion to managerial and professional positions relatively high, the challenge of the administration or government companies and the primacy of politics. But although these five areas effectively brought great impact on businesses, which made Drucker in his book was not to predict but to lay down conclusions about what those mean big changes for the management and labor. Drucker to imagine his work did what every manager should do in this: anticipating a future at least the medium term (the rate of change and technological development would not hit exactly on the vision of a very long-term future ), to successfully face a world most competitive and amazingly productive.
Author Archive: Richard
On July 14, were held last hundred ten years the storming of the Bastille, an event par excellence with which it identifies the French Revolution and the great changes she introduced, such as the definitive implementation of the system of capitalist production and abolition of absolute monarchy. On the other hand, in one of those coincidences of life, on June 20 before, in his own house of Dreux (Normandy) and ninety years of age had died the only pretender to the French throne, Prince Henri d’Orleans, Count of Paris. With him also disappeared, at least temporarily, any desire to revive the monarchy in that country, as his eldest son, the Count of Clermont, who married Marie-Therese of Wurttemberg, after having served his military service in the French army was joined the wonderful world of business and do not want to know anything about politics. The Count of Paris, was born in the Aisne Gallo, 5 July 1908. His father, the Duke of Guise, married Isabelle d’Orleans-Bragance or Isabelle de France, had become head of the House of France and pretender to the crown after the death of his cousin, also Duke of Orleans, in 1926, who left no male heir . Henri d’Orleans had to leave the country since then, in fulfillment of the famous Exile Law of 1886 which provided the death penalty for “heads of families that had reigned in France and all its direct descendants.” He only returned to his homeland in 1950 when the National Assembly decided to repeal this rule.
In December 1970 the Occupational Safety and Health Administration was created by an act of congress under the administration of President Richard M. Nixon. The mandate of OSHA was, and is, to prevent work-related injuries, sickness, or fatalities by creating and enforcing standards for workplace health and safety. This agency is run within the Department of Labor and headed by one of the Deputy Assistants to the Secretary of Labor.
Simultaneous with the creating of OSHA, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) was also created. The mission of NIOSH is to be the research arm of OSHA which focuses on occupational safety and health, but is not a part of the Department of Labor.
The regulations enacted by OSHA cover the majority of private sector workplaces.
Under the administration of Jimmy Carter a toxicologist from the University of Cincinnati, Eula Bingham, led OSHA to concentrate more on work place health hazards such as toxic chemicals. Before this OSHA’s main focus was on equipment safety, including training, communication and documentation.
Under Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush there were efforts to weaken the ability of OSHA to enforce and enact rules regulating workplace safety.
President Clinton began to refocus the approach of OSHA, emphasizing more on “stakeholder” satisfaction through compliance assistance. Under the Clinton administration OSHA inspections significantly went down in number.
In 1994 the republican party took over control of the congress and began to make efforts to improve the scientific validity of the standards which OSHA had been issuing rules. Several of the bills sponsored by Republican congressman were stopped by the Democratic minority and more moderate republicans. Other legislation did pass, however, including the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 and the Congressional Review Act.